Women pioneered computer programming
Like many women of the 1930s, Jane Jennings Bartak studied mathematics. During and after World War II, Bartak and other women actually worked as “computers.” They discovered military rockets and artillery shells, depending on how high the soldiers raised their weapons. Each different weapon requires a full table to calculate, and each calculation takes more than 30 hours.
In 1945, Bartick heard about a new job, working with something called the ENIAC. She was not sure exactly what was involved in the work but took it in hopes of getting to the ground floor with new technology.
ENIAC was the first large-scale electronic computer with no mechanical parts to reduce operation. It can work very fast at speed. The men designed the NIAAC, but the difficult and daunting task of creating a program for it was considered “women’s work”, akin to Maulvi labor.
“Men were interested in building hardware,” historian Walter Isaacson told NPR. “Doing circuits, figuring out machinery. And women were good mathematicians at that time.” But his job was serious and low-paying.
The night before ENIAC, which was to be publicly demonstrated, was a mess. Bartick and his partner, Betty Snyder, helped her work. In the demonstration, ENIAC calculated the speed in 20 seconds – 10 seconds, which would take a real shell to reach its target. Bartick told the Computer History Museum that the audience was “absolutely excited.” Nevertheless, Bartick and Snyder were anonymous in the press and were not invited to the celebratory dinner. When the war ended, Bartak and his team of six girls from “ENIAC Girls” went to work with UNIVAC, one of the first commercial computers. There he met Navy Reserve Grace Hopper.
Hopper was looking for a way to make it easier to program the computer with instructions. Reusing numbers was complicated and not extremely intuitive. It invented computer programming rather than numbers, and in 1959 created a programming language that allowed operators to command computer commands primarily in English. It was called COBOL.
Employers began comparing programming with less academic work and more than menial activities like chess. Advertising campaigns have criticized women for gossiping, wasting time and making mistakes. A tagline for Optical Scanning Corp. Ren.
Employers began conducting aptitude and personality profile tests that we’re biased toward men. The answers were conveyed to the fraternity and men’s club such as Alex.One of the best programmers to experience personality traits was non-economic, and it was a male trait.
When we entered the personal era of computers in the 1980s, the programmer’s stereotypes were arranged irrationally with the help of the addition of amazing boys like Story Jobs and Bill Gates. Movies like Weird Science, War Games, and Real Genius kept the stereotype. And since you could initially play video games on personal computers, advertisers marketed them primarily to men and boys (though girls liked them too).